Anders Ove Rainer (14 September 1925 – 27 January 1987) was a Swedish civil servant. He served as minister for justice from 1982 and 1983. Rainer was a jurist by profession. In addition, he served as the head of the Swedish Ice Hockey Association between 1973 and 1978. He was also state secretary and director general of the Swedish Postal Agency from 1973 to 1982.