Soong Mei-ling or, legally, Soong May-ling (Chinese: 宋美齡; pinyin: Sòng Měilíng; March 5, 1898 – October 23, 2003), also known as Madame Chiang Kai-shek or Madame Chiang, was a Chinese political figure who was First Lady of the Republic of China, the wife of Generalissimo and President Chiang Kai-shek. Soong played a prominent role in the politics of the Republic of China and was the sister-in-law of Sun Yat-sen, the founder and the leader of the Republic of China. She was active in the civic life of her country and held many honorary and active positions, including chairwoman of Fu Jen Catholic University. During WW2, she rallied against the Japanese; and in 1943 conducted an eight-month speaking tour of the United States of America to gain support. Her life spanned three centuries.