Xu Wei (1521-1593) (1521 - 1593) [sv]

Xu Wei (1521-1593) (swedish)

Personer med anknytning till Världskulturmuseerna (Statens museer för världskultur) [sv]

Description
Xu Wei (Chinese: 徐渭; pinyin: Xú Wèi; Wade–Giles: Hsü Wei, 1521—1593) was a Ming Chinese painter, poet, writer and dramatist famed for his artistic expressiveness. Revolutionary for its time, his painting style influenced and inspired countless subsequent painters, such as Bada Shanren, the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou, and the modern masters Wu Changshuo and Qi Baishi.
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License
Public Domain Dedication (CC0) applies to the information on this page and not any works/objects created by the actor
Last changed
21/01/2018 11:56:28
31/07/2021 13:02:03
Published
Status

URI
http://kulturnav.org/d9f1b7e4-1319-4ba1-bd09-dc863e5f7625 | RDF/XML | JSON-LD
Name
Xu Wei (1521-1593)
Swedish

Last name
Wei
Swedish

Alternative name
Hsu, Tien-ying, Wenqing, Tiānchí Shānrén, Hsu Wei, Wenchang
Swedish

Title
konstnär

-Title
konstnär
Swedish
Description
Xu Wei (Chinese: 徐渭; pinyin: Xú Wèi; Wade–Giles: Hsü Wei, 1521—1593) was a Ming Chinese painter, poet, writer and dramatist famed for his artistic expressiveness. Revolutionary for its time, his painting style influenced and inspired countless subsequent painters, such as Bada Shanren, the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou, and the modern masters Wu Changshuo and Qi Baishi.
English

Wikipedia

Birth
1521

-Time
1521
Death
1593

-Time
1593
Nationality
English

Norwegian bokmål

Swedish

Biography

Xu Wei (Chinese: 徐渭; pinyin: Xú Wèi; Wade–Giles: Hsü Wei, 1521—1593) was a Ming Chinese painter, poet, writer and dramatist famed for his artistic expressiveness. Revolutionary for its time, his painting style influenced and inspired countless subsequent painters, such as Bada Shanren, the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou, and the modern masters Wu Changshuo and Qi Baishi. Qi once exclaimed in a poem that "How I wish to be born 300 years earlier so I could grind ink and prepare paper for Green Vine ( A Xu Wei pen name)" (恨不生三百年前,為青藤磨墨理紙). Xu Wei can be considered as the founder of modern painting in China. His influence continues to exert itself. Despite his posthumous recognition, Xu was manifestly mentally ill[1] and unsuccessful in life, ending his life in poverty after the murder of his third wife and several attempts at suicide. His style names were Wenqing (文清)and then later Wenchang (文長). His pseudonyms were The Mountain-man of the Heavenly Pond (天池山人 Tiānchí Shānrén), Daoist of the Green Vine House (青藤道士 Qīngténg Dàoshì) and The Water and Moon of the Bureau's Farm (署田水月 Shǔtián Shuǐ Yuè).[1] Born in Shanyin (山阴 - now Shaoxing in Zhejiang Province),[1] Xu was raised by a single mother who died when he was 14. At 21, he married Pan-shi (潘氏), who died five years later. Though he passed the county civil examination at age 20, Xu was never able to pass the provincial civil service examinations, even after attempting it eight times. Nevertheless, Xu was employed by General Hu Zongxian (胡宗憲), Supreme Commander of the Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Fujian coastal defense against the wokou (倭寇) Japanese pirates. Chrysanthemums and Bamboos (菊竹图), Xu Wei, Liaoning Museum After General Hu was arrested and lost his position, Xu Wei also feared a negative fate for himself. Xu became mentally distraught at this juncture, attempting to commit suicide nine times, such as by axing himself in the skull and drilling both of his ears. His mental imbalance led to his killing of his second wife Zhang-shi (張氏) after becoming paranoid that she was having an affair. As a punishment for committing this murder, he was jailed for seven years until his friend Zhang Yuanbian (張元忭) from the Hanlin Imperial Academy managed to free him at age of 53. It is possible Xu Wei suffered from Bipolar Disorder, a condition actually recognized in China at this time. Xu spent the rest of his life painting, but with little financial success. However, his paintings have been highly sought after in modern times. (wikipedia, 2013)

English

Residence
, , Zhejiang, Kina [sv]

-Place reference
, , Zhejiang, Kina [sv]
--Place (text)
Zhejiang, Kina
Swedish
Carlotta-SMVK
3213534

-Id
3213534
-System
Carlotta-SMVK
DigitaltMuseum
021037462372
-Id
021037462372
-System
DigitaltMuseum