Shoulder pads are a type of fabric-covered padding used in men's and women's clothing to give the wearer the illusion of having broader and less sloping shoulders. In the beginning, shoulder pads were shaped as a semicircle or small triangle, and were stuffed with wool, cotton or sawdust. They were positioned at the top of the sleeve, to extend the shoulder line. A good example of this is their use in "leg o' mutton" sleeves, or the smaller puffed sleeves which were revived at this time, and were based on styles from the 1890s. In men's styles, shoulder pads are often used in suits, jackets and overcoats, usually sewn at the top of the shoulder and fastened between the lining and the outer fabric layer. In women's clothing, their inclusion depends by the fashion taste of the day. Although from a non-fashion point of view they are generally for people with narrow or sloping shoulders, there are also quite a few cases in which shoulder pads will be necessary for a suit or blazer in order to compensate for certain fabrics' natural properties, most notably suede blazers, due to the weight of the material. They were popular additions to clothing (particularly business clothing) during the 1940s, 1980s, early 1990s, late 2000s and early 2010s.
skulderpute (norwegian bokmål), skulderpute (norwegian nynorsk)
Axelvadd, en kudde av skumgummi eller vadd, som sätts fast i ett plagg för att ge axeln sin form. Dessa var populära ungefär mellan 1984 och 1995. Kavajer har alltid axelvaddar för att ge stadga åt kavajen över axlar men de är idag inte så stora som under 80-talet och tidigt 90-tal.[sv]